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Taking stock of Belt and RoadContext of the topic• Recently the second Belt and Road Forum (BRF) has begun in Beijing, which will serve as a stocktaking exercise for China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative.• India is once again giving the forum a miss.About Belt and Road Initiative• The BRI was announced in 2013, is made up of a “belt” of overland routes and a maritime “road”, which aims to connect Asia, Europe and Africa.• The Belt : The Belt refers to the Silk Road Economic Belt which comprises three overland routes: connecting China, Central Asia, Russia and Europe.This will link China with the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea through Central Asia and West Asia, and connecting China with Southeast Asia, South Asia and the Indian Ocean.• The Road: The Road refers to the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road designed to provide an impetus to trade from China to Europe through the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean, and from China through the South China Sea towards the South Pacific. Issues in BRI:• Chinese enterprises have operational problems in overseas port projects linked to the BRI.• Premature mentality in the commercial evaluation of investment projects• Serious inadequacy in debt evaluation• Lack of information transparency• Lack of evaluation on the impact of regional social culture.Concerns:• Concerns over China’s debt-trap diplomacy, leading to suspension and rethinking over the project costs by the countries, have been setbacks for the BRI.• BRI also has a negative impact over the economic and political interests of the various countries including US, Japan, Germany, Russia, and Australia.India's Position on BRI• India is amongst the first countries to oppose the project.• The CPEC passes through Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir, and the inclusion of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) as a BRI project is the main reason for India not participating in the BRI and India is still on its stand. ... See MoreSee Less
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To be read in The Indian Express: 26-04-2019 ... See MoreSee Less
7 hours ago
To be read in The Hindu: 26-04-2019 ... See MoreSee Less
M Letminthang Zou
19 hours ago
Today’s question ... See MoreSee Less
Vajiram & Ravi shared a post.
20 hours ago
Ans: (b)Exp. The earth after being heated by insolation transmits the heat to the atmospheric layers near the earth in long wave form. The air in contact with the land gets heated slowly and the upper layers in contact with the lower layers also get heated. This process is called conduction. Ground inversion involves cooling of the layer of air adjacent to the ground surface. The process actually involves both the conduction and radiation.The air in contact with the earth rises vertically on heating in the form of currents and further transmits the heat of the atmosphere. This process of vertical heating of the atmosphere is known as convection. Thunderstorms involve strong updraft of warm, moist air which is nothing but convection.The transfer of heat through horizontal movement of air is called advection. The local winds called ‘loo’ experienced in northern India during summer season involves horizontal movement of hot air and is the outcome of advection process.Greenhouse effect involves radiation of terrestrial heat energy from the ground to the atmosphere and counter-radiation back to the earth effected mainly through water vapour and CO2.Today’s question ... See MoreSee Less
What is the new malaria vaccine, how it will help fight killer disease?News Summary• In a landmark event, Malawi rolled out the world’s 1st ever malaria vaccination programme.• The pilot vaccine programme will be followed by similar vaccine programmes in Ghana and Kenya shortly.• The vaccine named RTS,S was developed by the global pharma major GSK GlaxoSmithKline. In focus: RTS,S VaccineIntroduction• The RTS,S vaccine development started in 1987 and concluded human clinical trials in 2015.• It is found to be effective in preventing 40% of the cases.The vaccination is administered to children below the age of 2 years. What does the acronym RTS,S stand for?• RTS,S is a scientific name given to this malaria vaccine candidate and represents its composition.- The ‘R’ stands for the central repeat region of Plasmodium (P.) falciparum ‘circumsporozoite protein (CSP)- The ‘T’ for the T-cell epitopes of the CSP- The ‘S’ for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)• These are combined in a single fusion protein (‘RTS’) and co-expressed in yeast cells with free HBsAg. The ‘RTS’ fusion protein and free ‘S’ protein spontaneously assemble in ‘RTS,S’ particles. Working of the vaccine• The RTS,S vaccine works by targeting the life cycle of the Plasmodium parasite in the human liver cells.• It primarily triggers the immune system to defend against the parasite in the liver cells. ... See MoreSee Less
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To be read in The Indian Express: 25-04-2019 ... See MoreSee Less
To be read in The Hindu: 25-04-2019 ... See MoreSee Less
#WorldMalariaDayOnce a dreaded epidemic is now curable and avoidable disease. Let us keep our environment clean and live healthy. ... See MoreSee Less
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