Civil Services Syllabus: Micro Topics Listing

Union Public Service Commission has drastically changed the syllabus of Mains Examination since 2013.
Now instead of two optional papers, student need to opt only one optional paper. Thus the Weightage of General Study has increased.
The syllabus has been defined by the UPSC. However, apart from the key topics that are directly mentioned in the UPSC syllabus, many micro-topics that lies in the periphery of such topics are also asked in the examination.
We are hereby listing the micro division of topics mentioned in the syllabus.
This will help the aspirants in understanding the length and breadth of the topics mentioned in the syllabus, so that they can increase the range of information and knowledge needed to score good marks in Prelims and Mains examination.

Agriculture Syllabus

UPSC Agriculture Syllabus - Paper I Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their sustainable management and conservation. Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribu- tion and production. Agro ecology; crop- ping pattern as indicators of environ- ments. Environmental pollution and asso- ciated hazards to crops, animals and humans. Climate change – [...]

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Syllabus

UPSC Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Syllabus - Paper I 1. Animal Nutrition: 1.1 Partitioning of food energy within the animal. Direct and indirect calorimetry. Carbon – nitrogen balance and comparative slaughter methods. Systems for expressing energy value of foods in ruminants, pigs and poultry. Energy requirements for maintenance, growth, pregnancy, lactation, egg, wool, and [...]

Anthropology Syllabus

UPSC Anthropology Syllabus – Paper I 1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology. 1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Social Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, Earth Sciences and Humanities. 1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance: (a) Social- cultural Anthropology. (b) Biological Anthropology. (c) Archaeological Anthropology. (d) Linguistic Anthropology. 1.4 Human Evolution [...]

Botany Syllabus

UPSC Botany Syllabus - Paper I 1. Microbiology and Plant Pathology: Structure and reproduction/multiplication of viruses, viroids, bacteria, fungi and mycoplasma; Applications of microbiology in agriculture, industry, medicine and in control of soil and water pollution; Prion and Prion hypothesis. Important crop diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, fungi and nematodes; Modes of infection and dissemination; [...]

Chemistry Syllabus

UPSC Chemistry Syllabus - Paper I 1. Atomic Structure: Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, Schrodinger wave equation (time independent); Interpretation of wave function, particle in one-dimensional box, quantum numbers, hydrogen atom wave functions; Shapes of s, p and d orbitals. 2. Chemical Bonding: Ionic bond, characteristics of ionic compounds, lattice energy, Born-Haber cycle; covalent bond and its general characteristics, [...]

Civil Engineering Syllabus

UPSC Civil Engineering Syllabus - Paper I 1. Engineering Mechanics, Strength of Materials and Structural Analysis: 1.1 Engineering Mechanics: Units and Dimensions, SI Units, Vectors,Concept of Force, Concept of particle and rigid body. Concurrent, Non Concurrent and parallel forces in a plane, moment of force, free body diagram, conditions of equilibrium, Principle of virtual work, [...]

Commerce and Accountancy Syllabus

UPSC Commerce and Accountancy Syllabus - Paper I Accounting and Finance Accounting, Taxation & Auditing 1. Financial Accounting: Accounting as a Financial Information System; Impact of Behavioural Sciences. Accounting Standards e.g., Accounting for Depreciation, Inventories, Research and Development Costs, Long-term Construction Contracts, Revenue Recognition, Fixed Assets, Contingencies, Foreign Exchange Transactions, Investments and Government Grants, Cash Flow [...]

CSAT Syllabus

The second paper of IAS prelimnary Examination of UPSC is popularly called CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test. It is of qualifying naturein IAS syllabus. The CSAT was introduced to end the use of scaling system for varying subjects in the General Studies paper. CSAT was introduced in 2011 to IAS syllabus. The benefit of […]

Economics Syllabus

UPSC Economics Syllabus - Paper I 1. Advanced Micro Economics: (a) Marshallian and Walrasiam Approaches to Price determination. (b) Alternative Distribution Theories: Ricardo, Kaldor, Kaleeki (c) Markets Structure: Monopolistic Competition, Duopoly, Oligopoly. (d) Modern Welfare Criteria: Pareto Hicks & Scitovsky, Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem, A.K. Sen’s Social Welfare Function. 2. Advanced Macro Economics: Approaches to Employment Income and [...]

Electrical Engineering Syllabus

UPSC Electrical Engineering Syllabus - Paper I 1. Circuit Theory: Circuit components; network graphs; KCL, KVL; circuit analysis methods: nodal analysis, mesh analysis; basic network theorems and applications; transient analysis: RL, RC and RLC circuits; sinusoidal steady state analysis; resonant circuits; coupled circuits; balanced 3-phase circuits; Two-port networks. 2. Signals & Systems: Representation of continuous–time and discrete-time [...]

General Studies Mains

The civil services examination is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by UPSC for the recruitment to various government posts. The examination is conducted in two phases–the preliminary examination consisting of two objective-type papers and the UPSC main examination, consisting of nine papers followed by a personality test.  Union Public Service Commission  has drastically […]

Geography Syllabus

PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHY Physical Geography: 1. Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building; Vulcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Landscape development ; Denudation chronology; [...]

Geology Syllabus

UPSC Geology Syllabus - Paper I 1. General Geology: The Solar System, Meteorites, Origin and interior of the earth and age of earth; Volcanoes- causes and products, Volcanic belts; Earthquakes-causes, effects, Seismic zones of India; Island arcs, trenches and mid-ocean ridges; Continental drifts; Seafloor spreading, Plate tectonics; Isostasy. 2. Geomorphology and Remote Sensing: Basic concepts of geomorphology; [...]

History Syllabus

UPSC History Syllabus – Paper I 1. Sources: Archaeological sources: Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments Literary sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature. Foreign accounts: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers. 2. Pre-history and Proto-history: Geographical factors; hunting and gathering (paleolithic and mesolithic); Beginning of agriculture (neolithic and chalcolithic). 3. [...]

IAS Prelims Syllabus

The Preliminary Examination of Union Public Service Commission for Civil Services Examination is popularly called CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test. The CSAT is actually the second paper of prelimnary General Studies of ias syllabus introduced in 2011. The CSAT was introduced to end the use of scaling system for varying subjects in the General […]

Law Syllabus

UPSC Law Syllabus – Paper I Constitutional and Administrative Law 1. Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution. 2. Fundamental rights – Public interest litigation; Legal Aid; Legal services authority. 3. Relationship between fundamental rights, directive principles and fundamental duties. 4. Constitutional position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers. [...]

Management Syllabus

UPSC Management Syllabus - Paper I 1. Managerial Function and Process: Concept and Foundations of Management, Evolution of Management Thoughts; Managerial Functions – Planning, Organizing, Controlling; Decision making; Role of Manager, Managerial skills; Entrepreneurship; Management of innovation; Managing in a global environment, Flexible Systems Management; Social responsibility and managerial ethics; Process and customer orientation; Managerial processes [...]

Mathematics Syllabus

UPSC Mathematics Syllabus – Paper I (1) Linear Algebra: Vector spaces over R and C, linear dependence and independence, subspaces, bases, dimension; Linear transformations, rank and nullity, matrix of a linear transformation. Algebra of Matrices; Row and column reduction, Echelon form, congruence’s and similarity; Rank of a matrix; Inverse of a matrix; Solution of system of [...]

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus

UPSC Mechanical Engineering Syllabus - Paper I 1. Mechanics: 1.1 Mechanics of rigid bodies: Equations of equilibrium in space and its application; first and second moments of area; simple problems on friction; kinematics of particles for plane motion; elementary particle dynamics. 1.2 Mechanics of deformable bodies: Generalized Hooke’s law and its application; design problems on [...]

Medical Science Syllabus

UPSC Medical Science Syllabus - Paper I 1. Human Anatomy: Applied anatomy including blood and nerve supply of upper and lower limbs and joints of shoulder, hip and knee. Gross anatomy, blood supply and lymphatic drainage of tongue, thyroid, mammary gland, stomach, liver, prostate, gonads and uterus. Applied anatomy of diaphragm, perineum and inguinal region. Clinical [...]

Philosophy Syllabus

UPSC Philosophy Syllabus – Paper I History and Problems of Philosophy: 1. Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality. 2. Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain 72 Employment News 23 – 29 May 2015 Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom. 3. Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; [...]

Physics Syllabus

UPSC Physics Syllabus - Paper I 1. (a) Mechanics of Particles: Laws of motion; conservation of energy and momentum, applications to rotating frames, centripetal and Coriolis accelerations; Motion under a central force; Conservation of angular momentum, Kepler’s laws; Fields and potentials; Gravitational field and potential due to spherical bodies, Gauss and Poisson equations, gravitational self-energy; Twobody [...]

Political Science and International Relations Syllabus

UPSC Political Science and International Relations Syllabus – Paper I Political Theory and Indian Politics: 1. Political Theory: meaning and approaches. 2. Theories of the State: Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist. 3. Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques. 4. Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship between equality [...]

Psychology Syllabus

UPSC Psychology Syllabus - Paper I Foundations of Psychology 1. Introduction: Definition of Psychology; Historical antecedents of Psychology and trends in the 21st century; Psychology and scientific methods; Psychology in relation to other social sciences and natural sciences; Application of Psychology to societal problems. 2. Methods of Psychology: Types of research: Descriptive, evaluative, diagnostic and prognostic; Methods [...]

Public Administration Syllabus

UPSC Public Administration Syllabus – Paper I Administrative Theory 1. Introduction: Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration; Wilson’s vision of Public Administration; Evolution of the discipline and its present status; New Public Administration; Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation; Good Governance: concept and application; New Public Management. 2. Administrative Thought: Scientific Management and Scientific [...]

Sociology Syllabus

UPSC Sociology Syllabus – Paper I FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIOLOGY 1. Sociology – The Discipline: (a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology. (b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences. (c) Sociology and common sense. 2. Sociology as Science: (a) Science, scientific method and critique. (b) Major theoretical strands [...]

Statistics Syllabus

UPSC Statistics Syllabus - Paper I 1. Probability: Sample space and events, probability measure and probability space, random variable as a measurable function, distribution function of a random variable, discrete and continuous-type random variable, probability mass function, probability density function, vector-valued random variable, marginal and conditional distributions, stochastic independence of events and of random variables, expectation [...]

Zoology Syllabus

UPSC Zoology Syllabus - Paper I 1. Non-chordata and Chordata: (a) Classification and relationship of various phyla up to subclasses: Acoelomate and Coelomate, Protostomes and Deuterostomes, Bilateria and Radiata; Status of Protista, Parazoa, Onychophora and Hemichordata; Symmetry. (b) Protozoa: Locomotion, nutrition, reproduction, sex; General features 76 Employment News 23 - 29 May 2015 and life history [...]